The Fundamentals of Pies and Crusts

pies and crust basics
Close up view of bakers working

Pies and pie dough crusts have actually been a huge part of baking for a very long time and are a staple in lots of nations. Pies fall under the classification of pastries, and pastries to a newbie cook can create pictures of advanced, complicated and challenging work.

While pastries can end up being as complex as one’s ability will enable it, pies can be easy and scrumptious. Pastry making is the art of developing containers for all kinds of fillings. If you take it one action at a time, many pastries are absolutely nothing more than foundation or parts put together in a range of methods.

The foundation and crucial foundation for pie (and pastry making) is the dough. There are flaky doughs, mealy doughs, sweet doughs/pastes, puff pastry, choux paste and meringues. A lot of the pies and pastries are built from these exact same doughs. We will check out the essentials principles of pies, tarts and crusts.

pies and pie dough
Pies are a staple and abundant in history.

Pie Dough & & Crust Fundamentals

Flaky and Mealy Doughs

Flaky and mealy pie doughs fast, simple and flexible. Flaky dough, in some cases called crown brisee, takes its name from the last baked texture, which leaves it extremely flaky and light. It is best for pie leading crusts and lattice coverings and can be utilized for prebaked shells that are filled with a cooled filling.

Mealy dough gets its name from its raw texture. It is utilized whenever a soaked crust would be an issue– like in the bottom crust of a custard or fruit pie. The factor is due to the fact that a mealy dough withstands soaking far better than a flaky dough does. Both flaky and mealy doughs are too fragile for tarts, nevertheless.

Flakes and mealy doughts consist of extremely little or no sugar and can be prepared from the exact same formula with just a small variation in blending technique. For both kinds of dough a cold fat, such as butter or reducing, is cut into the flour. The quantity of flakiness in the baked crust depends upon the size of the fat particles in the dough. The bigger the pieces of fat, the flakier the crust will be.

The quantity of flakiness in the baked crust depends upon the size of the fat particles in the dough.

The kind of fat utilized will impact both taste and flakiness of the dough. Butter contributes a tasty taste, however does not produce as flaky a crust as other fats. butter is likewise a bit harder to deal with than other fats due to its low melting point and its frequency to end up being breakable when cooled.

All-purpose reducing produces a flaky crust however contributes absolutely nothing to its taste. The flakiest pie dough and pastries are made from lard. Oil is not a suitable alternative.

mixing pie dough
Blending by hand permits you to feel the fats as they integrate.

After the fat is cut into the flour utilizing a pastry cutter, water or milk is contributed to form a soft dough. Less water is required for a mealy dough. Cold water is normally utilized for both flaky and mealy doughs. The water ought to be well cooled to avoid softening of the fat or reducing. Milk might be utilized to increase richness and dietary worth. It can lower the crispiness of the dough and produce a much darker crust.

The water ought to be well cooled to avoid softening of the fat or reducing.

If you are going to be making smaller sized amounts, then the very best practice is to utilize hand blending to blend the dough. You have far better control over the treatment when you can feel the fat being included. It is extremely hard to make a flaky dough with an electrical mixer or food mill, as it tends to cut the fat in excessive.

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Mealy and Flaky Pie Dough Dish

Fundamental Treatment

  1. Sort flour, salt and sugar (if required) together in a big bowl
  2. Cut the fat into the flour.
  3. Slowly include a cold liquid, blending carefully up until the dough holds together. Do not overmix.
  4. Cover the dough with cling wrap and chill completely prior to utilizing.

Fundamental Pie Dough Dish

Yield: 5 pounds

Fundamental Pie Dough Dish
Active Ingredient Metric United States Imperial
Pastry Flour 1.5 kg 3 pound
Milk Powder 85g 3 oz
Shortening/Lard 800g 26 oz
Water, cold 425 mL 14 fl. oz.
Salt 40g 1-1/2 oz.


  1. Mix the flour and milk in a blending bowl
  2. Include the shortening/lard and suffice into the flour up until the fat is pea-sized
  3. Liquify the salt in the water
  4. Include the water simultaneously to the flour and fat mix, mix or blend by hand up until the mix comes together.

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